Theory

1917-2017: Lenin’s April Theses – A Scandalous Text for Old and New Reformists

"It's a delusion, it's the delirium of a madman!" - (A. Bogdanov, Menshevik, referring to Lenin’s April Theses) By Francesco Ricci.   It is April 3, 1917 (April 16 of our calendar) when the so-called 'sealed train' that houses Lenin, Zinoviev, Krupskaya, Inessa Armand, Radek and others arrives at the Finland Station. To...

The Issue of the Party and the Revolutionary Movement

The women in the Bolshevik party and the relevance of the resolutions of the Third International. By Laura Sguazzabia.   Despite the millennial customs that left women in passivity and obedience, in Russia, the contribution of the female proletariat to the revolution was strong and determining. This active participation was expressed in...

The Matter of Family in the Russian Revolution

When we talk or think about family, the model that comes to mind is a house with father, mother and children, each with specific roles considered as natural. For women, that means domestic work, monogamy and a situation of inferiority in relation to their husbands. This is a model...

Why Stalinism Collapsed

Bill Hunter - 1993. Originally published @ Socialist Voice #26.   Gorbachev, who became general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1985, began Perestroika and Glasnost, proclaimed as “restructuring” and “openness”, and introduced profound changes in economic practice, internal affairs and international relations. The changes were meant...

100 Years Of The Russian Revolution: Dual Power

Chapter 11 - The History of the Russian Revolution Volume One: The Overthrow of Tzarism Leon Trotsky. Source: www.marxists.org   What constitutes the essence of a dual power?  We must pause upon this question, for an illumination of it has never appeared in historic literature. And yet this dual power is a distinct condition of social crisis,...

Questions on Revolutionary Party Organization – Part 4

Stalinism As a product of the civil war -in which many thousands died- and hunger -that caused their return to the countryside-, the old Russian working class, who built the Soviets and stood under the leadership of the Bolshevik party to carry out the revolution, disappeared. This physical disappearance of...

A Letter to Trotskyists Throughout the World -1953

By James P. Cannon, 
21 October 2008 - From the 25th Anniversary Plenum of the National Committee of the Socialist Workers Party. To All Trotskyists: Dear Comrades: On the twenty-fifth anniversary of the founding of the Trotskyist movement in the United States, the Plenum of the National Committee of the Socialist Workers Party...

Testament of Leon Trotsky

My high (and still rising) blood pressure is deceiving those near me about my actual condition. I am active and able to work but the outcome is evidently near. These lines will be made public after my death.   I have no need to refute here once again the stupid and...

77 years of Trotsky’s murder

On the 100-years anniversary of the Russian Revolution, and the 77th anniversary of Leon Trotsky's murder by a Stalinist agent, Trotsky's legacy is more current than ever. The financial crisis of capitalism, similar or worst to that of 1929, and with the current social situation of the masses in...

The Cuban Revolution, class and leadership

  By Jeronimo Castro.   The theory of revolution: the subjects The victory of the Russian Revolution not only opened the epoch of socialist revolutions victoriously; it also established a paradigm for Marxist theory. This revolution was lead by a worker’s revolutionary party built during the previous 14 years, amidst a series of struggles,...

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