Theory

The end of the peaceful road to revolution

After the defeat of the July Days (see the Russian Revolution Special), a major campaign of false accusations against the Bolsheviks and their leaders was launched. The bourgeois newspapers, intellectuals and, of course, the leaders of the interim government orchestrated a campaign in which they alleged that the Bolsheviks...

Online course: Theory of the Permanent Revolution in English – 09/18

The Center for Marxist Education David Riazanov will offer a new course on the Theory of the Permanent Revolution on September 18. This is a new version for the Spanish-speaking public but also with subtitles and texts in English. Our goal is to offer an ever wider Marxist training,...

77 years later: to continue Trotsky’s battle is to reconstruct the IV International

On the 100-years anniversary of the Russian Revolution, and the 77th anniversary of Leon Trotsky’s murder by a Stalinist agent, Trotsky’s legacy is more current than ever. The financial crisis of capitalism, similar or worst to that of 1929, and with the current social situation of the masses in...

The Red Guard

The Red Guard was built by the working class during the process of the Russian Revolution. It has its origins in the revolution of 1905. It reappears during the revolution of 1917 and becomes semi-clandestine for a short period, after the uprisings in July; it returns to the scene...

The III International: Lenin’s great obsession

On the 100-year anniversary of the great Russian Revolution, it is necessary to study and draw all the lessons of its main achievement: the building, after a year and a half of seizing power, of the III International, the Communist International. It was the most advanced attempt to form...

The July Days: Culmination and Rout – Part II

León Trotsky Chapter 25 - The History of the Russian Revolution https://www.marxists.org/archive/trotsky/1930/hrr/ch25.htm From that moment the direct leadership of the movement passed conclusively into the hands of the Petrograd committee of the party, whose chief force as an agitator was Volodarsky. The task of mobilizing the garrison was assigned to the Military...

Hue and Cry Over Kronstadt

  Leon Trotsky Written: January 15, 1938. First Published: The New International, Vol. 4 No. 4, April 1938, pp. 103–106. Source: MIA (Marxist Internet Archive) ** During the last months of 1920 and January of 1921, the “wrap-up” episodes of the lasting civil war (almost three years) took place, in which a coalition of counter-revolutionary forces of the...

The “Democratic Reaction”: From Vietnam To Iraq Syndrome

In 1975, the United States suffered a severe military defeat in the Vietnam War (the first in its history). This defeat limited the capacity for direct military intervention by U.S. imperialism and led to a policy adapted to this reality that we have called "democratic reaction". By Alejandro Iturbe. Originally published...

The Third International and Its Place in History

Written: 15 April, 1919 First Published: Published in May 1919; Published according to the manuscript. Source: Lenin’s Collected Works, 4th English Edition, Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1972 Volume 29, pages 305-313 Written: V. I. Lenin Translated: George Hanna   The imperialists of the Entente countries are blockading Russia in an effort to cut off the Soviet Republic, as a...

On Strikes

By Vladimir I. Lenin   In recent years, workers’ strikes have become extremely frequent in Russia. There is no longer a single industrial gubernia in which there have not occurred several strikes. And in the big cities strikes never cease. It is understand able, therefore, that class-conscious workers and socialists should...

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