International Courier

In March, International Courier No 19 dedicated to Black Africa

The next issue of the International Courier magazine is a special edition, dedicated to Black Africa. The magazine will present articles on matters that affect the entire region: imperialist colonization until the beginning of the XX Century, struggles for independence and against the apartheid in South Africa, the national governments’...

The “Democratic Reaction”: From Vietnam To Iraq Syndrome

In 1975, the United States suffered a severe military defeat in the Vietnam War (the first in its history). This defeat limited the capacity for direct military intervention by U.S. imperialism and led to a policy adapted to this reality that we have called "democratic reaction". By Alejandro Iturbe. Originally published...

Opportunism and Trotskyism in the Face of Popular Front Governments

  In the beginning of the 80’s, Nahuel Moreno, founder of the IWL-FI, debated extensively and in depth with the Frenchorganization OCI (Internationalist Communist Organization, led by Pierre Lambert) regarding its policy of capitulation to the Popular Front headed by the Social-democrat François Mitterand, thus expressed in several materials. We extract the main part of...

1905: the dress rehearsal of the Russian Revolution

In 1905, the Russian proletariat starred in the first great wave of strikes of the twentieth century. for the first time, in the midst of land occupations, union strikes and break of the military hierarchy, the Soviets emerged. In October 1917 the Russian working class starred in the main event...

Birth and evolution of Orientalist discourse: a Marxist appraisal

Besides serving to interpret the world, the speech is a tool for transmitting ideologies. It also serves to legitimize and explain the actions of social classes, which generally act in defense of their interests. When it is related to relationships of domination, between classes, states, civilizations or people,...

On the 100th anniversary of the Zimmerwald Conference, what lessons should we learn? Part II

In September this year, when the Zimmerwald Conference completed its 100th anniversary, a lot of articles and essays referring to this event was published. And predictably, in most of them, explicitly or implicitly, Lenin's policy on this conference is considered an example to be followed to address the...

A hundred years since the Zimmerwald Conference – Part 1

In September 1915, a handful of leaders of the Second International gathered at the Zimmerwald Conference, in Switzerland, to try to reach a common position against the First World War. Among them were Lenin and Trotsky. Recently, two leaders of parties of the IWL-FI (André Freire from the PSTU-Brazil...

Who was Leon Trotsky?

His life Liev Davidovich Bronstein was born on October 26, 1879, in the Ukrainian village of Yanovka, Russian Empire. Jew, son of middle peasants, he adhered to Marxism at 19 and went on to organize the workers of the region in a political and trade union organization called “South Russian...

Engels: The General of the Revolution

When Friedrich Engels died in August 5, 1895 in London, it could be read on the theoretical journal of the German Social Democracy, Die Neue Zeit, that with his death "Marx also finished to die." There was not an exaggeration: in fact it is very difficult to separate...

On “post-modern” idealism, deterministic materialism and the radical critique of Marx and Engels

Nowadays it is becoming common to claim that there is no such thing as truth; what would exist are merely interpretations, particular points of view (knowledge), all equally valid. And that any attempt at knowing the truth would be nothing but sheer arrogance and pretentiousness of those naively...

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