History

77 years later: to continue Trotsky’s battle is to reconstruct the IV International

On the 100-years anniversary of the Russian Revolution, and the 77th anniversary of Leon Trotsky’s murder by a Stalinist agent, Trotsky’s legacy is more current than ever. The financial crisis of capitalism, similar or worst to that of 1929, and with the current social situation of the masses in...

The Red Guard

The Red Guard was built by the working class during the process of the Russian Revolution. It has its origins in the revolution of 1905. It reappears during the revolution of 1917 and becomes semi-clandestine for a short period, after the uprisings in July; it returns to the scene...

The III International: Lenin’s great obsession

On the 100-year anniversary of the great Russian Revolution, it is necessary to study and draw all the lessons of its main achievement: the building, after a year and a half of seizing power, of the III International, the Communist International. It was the most advanced attempt to form...

Iron Felix

Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky, also called Iron Felix, was Polish. It is said that his face was disfigured due to the tortures suffered in Russian prisons. In 1916, in prison, he had the risk of a leg amputation due to the form he was tied. Freed after the February Revolution...

Could the Bolsheviks Have Seized the Power in July? [Part III]

León Trotsky Chapter 26 - The History of the Russian Revolution https://www.marxists.org/archive/trotsky/1930/hrr/ch26.htm   The demonstration forbidden by the government and the Executive Committee had been a colossal one. On the second day not less than five hundred thousand people participated. Sukhanov, who cannot find words strong enough for the “blood and filth” of...

The July Days: Culmination and Rout – Part II

León Trotsky Chapter 25 - The History of the Russian Revolution https://www.marxists.org/archive/trotsky/1930/hrr/ch25.htm From that moment the direct leadership of the movement passed conclusively into the hands of the Petrograd committee of the party, whose chief force as an agitator was Volodarsky. The task of mobilizing the garrison was assigned to the Military...

The Cheka: Sword and Shield of the Revolution

After seizing the power, the Soviet government understood there were two great battlefronts to face the counter-revolution in the context of the Civil War. A “foreign front” in the military field, against the White Army and the imperialist troops. A conflict that reached 21 countries, with Czarist officials, international...

The July Days: Preparation and Beginning – Part I

León Trotsky Chapter 24 - The History of the Russian Revolution https://www.marxists.org/archive/trotsky/1930/hrr/ch24.htm   Introduction In the introduction to the previous chapter of The History of the Russian Revolution on the demonstration of June of 1917 (according to the former Julian Russian calendar), we said that June and July were an inflection point in the...

Hue and Cry Over Kronstadt

  Leon Trotsky Written: January 15, 1938. First Published: The New International, Vol. 4 No. 4, April 1938, pp. 103–106. Source: MIA (Marxist Internet Archive) ** During the last months of 1920 and January of 1921, the “wrap-up” episodes of the lasting civil war (almost three years) took place, in which a coalition of counter-revolutionary forces of the...

The “Democratic Reaction”: From Vietnam To Iraq Syndrome

In 1975, the United States suffered a severe military defeat in the Vietnam War (the first in its history). This defeat limited the capacity for direct military intervention by U.S. imperialism and led to a policy adapted to this reality that we have called "democratic reaction". By Alejandro Iturbe. Originally published...

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