Capitalist Restoration in China – Special

"China’s economy is going through hard times. The most important expression of it has been the recent successive drops in the country’s main stock markets (Shanghai and Shenzhen). It had previously manifested itself as a Real Estate crisis (with several unfinished projects and other finished ones that couldn’t find...

The end of the peaceful road to revolution

After the defeat of the July Days (see the Russian Revolution Special), a major campaign of false accusations against the Bolsheviks and their leaders was launched. The bourgeois newspapers, intellectuals and, of course, the leaders of the interim government orchestrated a campaign in which they alleged that the Bolsheviks...

Red Terror

“Whoever does not see class struggle leads unavoidably to armed conflict is blind.” Red Terror was decreed formally in the Soviet Union on September 3, 1918, through an order of the People’s Commissar for Inland, Gregory Petrovsky. He ordered the end of benevolence, imprisonment of the right-wing SRs, and...

77 years later: to continue Trotsky’s battle is to reconstruct the IV International

On the 100-years anniversary of the Russian Revolution, and the 77th anniversary of Leon Trotsky’s murder by a Stalinist agent, Trotsky’s legacy is more current than ever. The financial crisis of capitalism, similar or worst to that of 1929, and with the current social situation of the masses in...

The Red Guard

The Red Guard was built by the working class during the process of the Russian Revolution. It has its origins in the revolution of 1905. It reappears during the revolution of 1917 and becomes semi-clandestine for a short period, after the uprisings in July; it returns to the scene...

The III International: Lenin’s Great Obsession

On the 100-year anniversary of the great Russian Revolution, it is necessary to study and draw all the lessons of its main achievement: the building of the III International - the Communist International - a year and a half after seizing power. It was the most advanced attempt to...

Iron Felix

Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky, also called Iron Felix, was Polish. It is said that his face was disfigured due to the tortures suffered in Russian prisons. In 1916, in prison, he had the risk of a leg amputation due to the form he was tied. Freed after the February Revolution...

Could the Bolsheviks Have Seized the Power in July? [Part III]

León Trotsky Chapter 26 - The History of the Russian Revolution https://www.marxists.org/archive/trotsky/1930/hrr/ch26.htm   The demonstration forbidden by the government and the Executive Committee had been a colossal one. On the second day not less than five hundred thousand people participated. Sukhanov, who cannot find words strong enough for the “blood and filth” of...

The July Days: Culmination and Rout – Part II

León Trotsky Chapter 25 - The History of the Russian Revolution https://www.marxists.org/archive/trotsky/1930/hrr/ch25.htm From that moment the direct leadership of the movement passed conclusively into the hands of the Petrograd committee of the party, whose chief force as an agitator was Volodarsky. The task of mobilizing the garrison was assigned to the Military...

The Cheka: Sword and Shield of the Revolution

After seizing the power, the Soviet government understood there were two great battlefronts to face the counter-revolution in the context of the Civil War. A “foreign front” in the military field, against the White Army and the imperialist troops. A conflict that reached 21 countries, with Czarist officials, international...

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