The course on the Theory of the Permanent Revolution has as theoretical basis the development of the Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky (1879-1940), who participated in the Russian Revolution of 1905 and in prison after the defeat of this “dress rehearsal”, wrote his Balance and Prospects, making his first elaboration of what would be later known as the “Theory of the Permanent Revolution.”
Trotsky analyzes the 1905 revolution from a Marxist perspective but faces the views of the Marxists of his time, of two separate stages of the revolution. For him, due to the social subject who would lead the overthrow of the Tzar, the bourgeois democratic revolution would become socialist.
From there, Trotsky incorporates new elements to his conception, which are explained during the course through instructional videos and documentaries that address the major revolutionary processes of the twentieth century, as the 1917 Russian revolution and the Chinese in 1927.
However, the study of the theory of the permanent revolution would not be complete if it did not address the expropriations of the national bourgeoisies that resulted in new bureaucratised workers’ states in the post-World War II occurred in Eastern Europe, and the Chinese revolution of 1949 or the political revolutions in East Germany, Poland, Hungary and the former Czechoslovakia.
We owe this study as well as on the democratic revolutions against capitalist dictatorships in Latin America to the Argentine revolutionary Nahuel Moreno (1924-1987), who explained them in the context of the theory of the permanent revolution, confirming the validity of this theory-program against the reactionary theory of socialism in one country advocated by Stalin and his followers.